1) Medical Faculty, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina;
2) Department of Pulmonology, Paediatric Clinic of the University Clinical Centre of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina;
3) Department for Cardioanesthesiology, Clinic for Anesthesiology, Reanimatology and Intensive Care of the University Clinical Center of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Disclosure: The author has declared no conflicts of interest.
Received: 03.05.16 Accepted: 24.05.16
Objective: The purpose of our retrospective study was to investigate the necessity of some laboratory testing in patients with acute bronchiolitis before and after treatment.
Methods: We have taken blood samples of all children puncturing the cubital vein, and analyzed it using the Colter appliances-automatic counter blood count, for analyzes of a number of erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets, differential blood count, Hct, Hb. CRP concentration in serum of patients determined by laser nephelometry with CardioPhase® high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP). For assessment of acid-base status and arterial blood gas analysis were used ABL5 and ABL700 Radiometer Copenhagen. We monitored the following parameters: pH, pCO2, HCO3-, total CO2, base excess, pO2, SpO2.
Results: There was a significant improvement of hypoxemia after management of acute bronchiolitis in the form of a significant increase in average values of pO2 and SpO2 after treatment of acute bronchiolitis. The average value of the number of leukocytes and value of CRP in children were significantly decreased before and after management of acute bronchiolitis. There was no significant difference in duration of hospitalization in term and preterm newborns.
Conclusion: No routine diagnostic tests are used routinely. However, there is an improvement of hypoxemia after management of acute bronchiolitis in children.
Keywords: Bronchiolitis, Hematological Tests, Acid-Base Status, Blood Gas Analysis