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06 June 2015
Prashant R Hombal1 1) Department of General Surgery, JN Medical College, KLE University, Belgaum, India. Disclosure: The author has declared no conflicts of interest. Received: 09.05.15

ACCURACY OF PREDICTIVE FACTORS AND FOCUSED ASSESSMENT WITH SONOGRAPHY FOR TRAUMA (FAST) IN MANAGEMENT OF ADULT BLUNT ABDOMINAL TRAUMA AND ITS OUTCOME

Adel Elbaih1, Mohammad Ali1, Yasmin Attia1

1) Department of Emergency, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.

Disclosure: The author has declared no conflicts of interest.

Received: 23.01.16 Accepted: 21.02.16

Citation: 10.5455/ijsm.abdominaltrauma

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Abstract:

Background:Abdominal trauma is a major public health problem for all nations and all socioeconomic strata.
Methods:The studyincluded adult patientsattending emergency department in Suez Canal University Hospital,Data was collected in pre-organized data sheet by the researcher. Then, the patients were followed up and recorded till they reached one of these final outcomesLater on, the actual outcome of the patient was compared to the predictors and FAST results, then sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were calculated.
Results:Seventy five patients were eligible, of which ten patients had a FAST-positive result, and seven patients underwent a therapeutic laparotomy. In multivariate analysis,the factors correlating with a therapeutic laparotomy were pulse (>100beat/minute), respiratory rate (>29 cycle /minute), O2 saturation, abdominal gardening by examination and a FAST-positive result (sensitivity 80%, Specificity 100%, accuracy 97%, positive predictive value 100% and negative predictive value 97.3%) ,were pulse as the most sensitive predictor (99%) followed by respiratory rate (98%) while the most specific predictors were pulse (97.1%).
Conclusions:The management of trauma patients depends upon their clinical status, imaging findings, and the resources and expertise available. Rapid recognition of key abnormalities on FAST and abdominal CT can help select trauma patients for the most appropriate treatment: surgery, interventional radiology or conservative management. Physical examination alone is not sufficient to determine the need for emergent interventions.

Keywords: fast abdominal trauma, abdominal injuries fast, blunt abdominal trauma index, focused assessment with sonography for trauma


How to Cite this Article

Bibliography

Elbaih, A., Ali, M. and Attia, Y. (2016) ‘Accuracy of predictive factors and focused assessment with Sonography for trauma (FAST) in management of adult blunt abdominal trauma and its outcome in Suez canal university hospital’, International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 2(2), pp. 58–63. doi: 10.5455/ijsm.abdominaltrauma.

Citations, Quotes & Annotations

Elbaih, A., Ali, M. and Attia, Y. (2016) ‘Accuracy of predictive factors and focused assessment with Sonography for trauma (FAST) in management of adult blunt abdominal trauma and its outcome in Suez canal university hospital’, International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 2(2), pp. 58–63. doi: 10.5455/ijsm.abdominaltrauma.
(Elbaih, Ali, and Attia, 2016)
 

Cited by:

1.Role of elevated liver transaminase enzymes in diagnosis of liver injury in cases after abdominal trauma. International Surgery Journal, 2016; (): 1184-1192
10.18203/2349-2902.isj20162704

 
Last modified onTuesday, 24 January 2017 21:50

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