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4.Preparing your manuscript

4.1 Formatting

The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted.

4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please follow the instructions below:

Format: TIFF, JPEG, PNG: Common format for pictures (containing no text or graphs). 
Placement: Figures/charts and tables created in MS Word should be included in the main text rather than at the end of the document.
Resolution: Rasterized based files (i.e. with .tiff or .jpeg extension) require a resolution of at least 300 dpi (dots per inch).

Colour: Please note that images supplied in colour will be published in colour online and black and white in print (unless otherwise arranged). Therefore, it is important that you supply images that are comprehensible in black and white as well (i.e. by using colour with a distinctive pattern or dotted lines). The captions should reflect this by not using words indicating colour.

Dimension: Check that the artworks supplied match or exceed the dimensions of the journal. Images cannot be scaled up after origination

Fonts: The lettering used in the artwork should not vary too much in size and type (usually sans serif font as a default). 

Figure captions: Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

4.3 Reference style

Please cite references with Arabic numbers in squared parentheses and list them by the order in which they appear in the text (not in alphabetical order). References should be numbered consecutively in order of their appearance in the text and listed in numerical order. For references to journal articles, include the first 6 authors, followed by "et al" if there are more than 6 authors. The author names are followed by the title (with only the first word capitalized), the abbreviated name of the journal, the year, volume number (without issue number), and page range. Cite the references in the text by the appropriate number e.g. [1], [2, 3], [4-6], [7, 8-10] and the numbers should be within square brackets. Avoid using abstracts as references. Nothing should be italicized. Journal titles should be abbreviated according to the Index Medicus.

For chapters of books that have an editor(s) and individually authored chapters, include the names of the chapter authors, followed by the chapter title, the book editors, the book title, the city of publication, publisher name, year of publication, and chapter page range.

The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication ("in press"). Personal communications or unpublished data cannot be included in the reference list, but they should be mentioned in the text in parentheses including a date. Permission must be submitted when citing a personal communication. A paper published online but not (yet) in print can be cited using the Digital Object Identifier (DOI).

References with correct punctuation should be styled as follows:

Davì S, Lattanzi B, Demirkaya E, Rosina S, Bracciolini G, Novelli A, et al. Toward the development of new diagnostic criteria for macrophage activation syndrome in systemic juvenile ýdiopathic arthritis. Ann Paediatr Rheum 2012; 1:1-7.

Ozen S, Petty RE. Behcet Disease. In: Cassidy JT, Petty RE, Laxer RM, Lindsley CB (eds). Textbook of pediatric rheumatology, 5th edn. Elsevier, Philadelphia, pp 561-567, 2005

Online document
The inside story: a guide to indoor air quality. In: U.S. EPA/Office of Air and Radiation Available via http://www.epa.gov/iaq/pubs/insidestory.html (Accessed 18 December 2011).

If the author is unknown

McGwire owns the mark alone. ESPN.com. 8 Nov. 2008. http://ESPN.SportsZone.com/mlb/news/1998/980908/00833812.html (8 Nov.2008).

Oter S. Assessment of lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes to determine oxidant stress in rat lung induced by hyperbaric oxygen treatment at different doses and intervals. Dissertation, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey, 1998.

Article by DOI (digital object identifier)
Polat A, Demirkaya E, Basbozkurt G, Gattorno M, Ozen S. A glance at history and future perspectives of childhood autoinflammatory disorders. Ann Paediatr Rheum 2012; doi: 10.5455/apr.022120120023

4.4. Abbreviations, nomenclatures and symbols

Abbreviations should be defined at the first mention in the text and in each table and figure. Write out the full term for each abbreviation at its first use unless it is a standard unit of measure. For a list of standard abbreviations, please consult the CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers or other standard sources.

Abbreviations should be strictly limited to those in common usage. Generic names should be indicated for all drugs; use of the proprietary name is permissible only when the generic name has been used first. In so for as possible, authors should use systematic names similar to those used by Chemical Abstract Service or IUPAC.

Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations:http://www.issn.org/services/online-services/access-to-the-ltwa/.

Measurement units: Laboratory values should be described in metric mass units. The international system of units (SI units) can be provided in parentheses immediately after metric units.
Footnotes: Footnotes to the text are numbered consecutively; those to tables should be indicated by superscript lowercase letters (or asterisks for significance values and other stylistic data).

4.5.  Names of drugs, devices, and other products

Use nonproprietary names of drugs, devices, and other products, unless the specific trade name of a drug is essential to the discussion.

The generic (nonproprietary) name of a drug is preferred in almost all instances. If it is necessary to include the brand (proprietary or trade) name for reproduction or interpretation of the study, the brand name should be given parenthetically, following the generic name, at first mention in the abstract, text, and each figure or table in which it appears. In addition, the brand name and supplier’s name and location should be given in the Methods section. In the case in which a manuscript is comparing various brands of a single product, or in which an adverse event is described that might be unique to a single brand of product, both the brand name and generic name should appear at first mention and the brand name(s) should be used thereafter.

Authors submitting manuscripts or letters to the editor regarding adverse drug or medical device reactions, reportable diseases, and the like should also report such to the relevant government agency.