International Journal of Surgery and Medicine (IJSM) is an official journal of the Bulgarian Association of Young Surgeons (BAYS). It is an open access, international, double-blinded peer-reviewed surgical and medical journal that publishes original articles, reviews, case reports and short communications on all aspects of surgery and medicine in English. IJSM is published quarterly.
This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).
Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site https://www.ejmanager.com/my/ijsm/ to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.
Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of International Journal of Surgery and Medicine will be reviewed.
Manuscripts are accepted for consideration with the understanding that they have been submitted solely to International Journal of Surgery and Medicine (IJSM) and that they have not been previously published, either in whole or in part.
1.1 Aims & Scope
Before submitting your manuscript to International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.
1.2 Article Types
We accept for peer review: original research articles, review articles, case reports and short communications.
Original Articles: max 4,500 words and 50 references
Review Articles: max 6,500 words and 100 references
Case Reports: max 3,000 words, 20 references
Short communications: max 2,500 words, 12 references
Abstracts: All abstracts should be structured (max 300 words), and summarise the essential content of the article. The abstract should be structured with the same headings as the paper:
Tables and Figures: maximum 3 in any paper
Keywords: authors must provide at least 6 keywords for their paper
Authors: max 12 per paper.
Preparing your submission:
Set out first page as follows:
1) title of article (short and specific);
2) name and surname of each author;
3) name and address of the department(s) or institution(s) to which the work should be attributed, indicating which author is from where;
4) name, address, telephone number and email address of the corresponding author;
6) declaration of conflicting interests;
7) funding statement;
8) Ethical approval details (if required);
9) Details of informed consent (if required).
The second page should consist of a short structured abstract. The abstract should be organised according to the following headings: Background and Aims, Material and Methods, Results and Conclusions. Provide a list of six to ten keywords (according to Index Medicus) after the Abstract.
The main text should begin on the third page and be organised in the following sections: Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, References (maximum of 50), Figure Legends.
Figures and Tables should be uploaded in the manuscript.
Please note that International Journal of Surgery and Medicine does not accept books for review.
1.3 Writing your paper
The eJManager Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.
1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google.
2.1 Peer review policy
At least two independent reviews are obtained for each suitable submission. We use a double-blind reviewing process in which names are hidden from both reviewers and the authors. Our reviewers are encouraged to provide substantive, constructive reviews that provide suggestions for improving the work. The editors do not perform linguistic revisions and submitted articles that do not comply with the submission guidelines, or are not written in good English, will be returned to the authors before initiating the review process. Articles that are clearly outside of the scope of the journal or otherwise considered unsuitable by the editors will be immediately rejected and authors will be notified as soon as the decision is made.
As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:
Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.
The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.
The editor assigned to a manuscript conducts an initial review. Some manuscripts will be rejected at this stage, others may be rejected with the suggestion that the submission be transferred to another journal. Submissions that pass the initial review are sent to external reviewers (mainly through the aurhors published their articles in pubmed to ensure both accuracy and relevance).
Time to first decision is from 8 to 16 days. After that your manuscripts are sent for revision. The maximum period for revision is 45 days.
In most cases you may be asked to resubmit your paper in which case it will be reviewed again to ensure that you have answered their questions and concerns. You should be aware that addressing reviewer's comments does not necessarily ensure publication, and the decision to publish will depend on the overall rating of your submission. When submitting a revised manuscript, please note that you will be asked to submit both a clean manuscript (with the revisions incorporated) and a revised manuscript (with the revisions highlighted).
This journal uses double-blind review, which means that both the reviewer and author identities are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, throughout the review process.
Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:
Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.
This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts:
Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal Manager to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. Note that: (1) Journal Managers will inform the Journal Editors of any such requests and (2) publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed.
After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Any requests to add, delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.
Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.
2.4.1 Writing assistance
Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.
International Journal of Surgery and Medicine requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
2.6 Declaration of conflicting interests
It is the policy of International Journal of Surgery and Medicineto require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.
IJSM believes that to make the best decision on how to deal with a manuscript the journal editor should know about any competing interests that authors may have. We are not aiming to eradicate competing interests as they are almost inevitable. We will not reject papers simply because authors have a competing interest, but these will be declared on the published paper.
A competing interest exists when professional judgement concerning a primary interest (such as patients’ welfare or the validity of research) may be influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain or personal relationship). There is nothing inherently unethical about a competing interest but it should be acknowledged and openly stated.
Examples of competing interests include the following: board membership, consultancy, employment, expert testimony grants (including pending), contract research, lectures/other education events, speakers’ bureaux, patents (planned, pending or issued), receipt of equipment or supplies, royalties, stock/stock options/other forms of ownership, additional expenses not included in COIs already specified, other personal or professional relationships that may influence or appear to influence.
Authors should download and complete a copy of the ICMJE disclosure form, which is available as a PDF atwww.icmje.org/coi_disclosure.pdf. They should keep a copy of the form and send a copy to their corresponding author. The corresponding author must insert within the submitted manuscript a summary statement derived from the information provided in the forms. This will be included in the published article. (After publication, the forms must be made available by the corresponding authors on request.)
Competing interests should be included in a statement headed “Competing Interests” at the end of the manuscript file (before the references).
2.7 Research ethics and patient consent
Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.
Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.
For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.
Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.
Please also refer to the CMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants
All research involving animals submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The journal has adopted the Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare for Veterinary Journals published by the International Association of Veterinary Editors.
2.8 Clinical trials
International Journal of Surgery and Medicine expects that clinical trials are registered in one of the recognized clinical trial registries at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract. In general, all publications should follow publications guidelines available at the Equator website (https://www.equator-network.org/reporting-guidelines/).
2.9 Reporting guidelines
The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.
Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives
Bulgarian Association of Young Surgeons (BAYS) acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.
International Journal of Surgery and Medicinerequests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles if the articles are accepted to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. The editor may consider limited embargoes on proprietary data. The editor can also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editorial office.
2.11. Fundamental errors in published works:
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.
2.12. Hazards and human or animal subjects:
Statements of compliance are required if the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, or if it involves the use of animal or human subjects.
2.13. NIH Employees
Manuscripts authored or co-authored by one or more NIH employees must be submitted with a completed and signed NIH Publishing Agreement and Manuscript Cover Sheet according to NIH’s Employee Procedures.
2.14. Author complaints
If authors, peer reviewers or readers suspect any misconduct such as violation of the editorial policy, publication ethics or any or any applicable guidelines/policies specified by COPE, they are encouraged to submit a formal letter of complaint by email addressed to the editors.
3.1 Publication ethics
BAYS is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors.
Manuscripts are accepted for consideration with the understanding that they have been submitted solely to International Journal of Surgery and Medicine (IJSM) and that they have not been previously published, either in whole or in part. Manuscripts should be neatly typed, single-spaced throughout, including tables, graphs, figures. The editors reserve the right to make editorial changes in all matter published in the journal and cannot enter into correspondence about papers not accepted for publication.
International Journal of Surgery and Medicine and BAYS take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.
IJSM uses Plagiarism Detection Software – iThenticate & Automated Grammar Checker - Grammarly. iThenticate is a plagiarism screening service that verifies the originality of content submitted before publication. iThenticate checks submissions against millions of published research papers, and billions of web content. Authors, researchers and freelancers can also use iThenticate to screen their work before submission by visiting www.ithenticate.com.
3.1.2 Prior publication
If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in International Journal of Surgery and Medicine. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication.
The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted.
4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please follow the instructions below:
Format: TIFF, JPEG, PNG: Common format for pictures (containing no text or graphs).
Placement: Figures/charts and tables created in MS Word should be included in the main text rather than at the end of the document.
Resolution: Rasterized based files (i.e. with .tiff or .jpeg extension) require a resolution of at least 300 dpi (dots per inch).
Colour: Please note that images supplied in colour will be published in colour online and black and white in print (unless otherwise arranged). Therefore, it is important that you supply images that are comprehensible in black and white as well (i.e. by using colour with a distinctive pattern or dotted lines). The captions should reflect this by not using words indicating colour.
Dimension: Check that the artworks supplied match or exceed the dimensions of the journal. Images cannot be scaled up after origination
Fonts: The lettering used in the artwork should not vary too much in size and type (usually sans serif font as a default).
Figure captions: Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.
4.3 Reference style
Please cite references with Arabic numbers in squared parentheses and list them by the order in which they appear in the text (not in alphabetical order). References should be numbered consecutively in order of their appearance in the text and listed in numerical order. For references to journal articles, include the first 6 authors, followed by "et al" if there are more than 6 authors. The author names are followed by the title (with only the first word capitalized), the abbreviated name of the journal, the year, volume number (without issue number), and page range. Cite the references in the text by the appropriate number e.g. , [2, 3], [4-6], [7, 8-10] and the numbers should be within square brackets. Avoid using abstracts as references. Nothing should be italicized. Journal titles should be abbreviated according to the Index Medicus.
For chapters of books that have an editor(s) and individually authored chapters, include the names of the chapter authors, followed by the chapter title, the book editors, the book title, the city of publication, publisher name, year of publication, and chapter page range.
The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication ("in press"). Personal communications or unpublished data cannot be included in the reference list, but they should be mentioned in the text in parentheses including a date. Permission must be submitted when citing a personal communication. A paper published online but not (yet) in print can be cited using the Digital Object Identifier (DOI).
References with correct punctuation should be styled as follows:
Davì S, Lattanzi B, Demirkaya E, Rosina S, Bracciolini G, Novelli A, et al. Toward the development of new diagnostic criteria for macrophage activation syndrome in systemic juvenile ýdiopathic arthritis. Ann Paediatr Rheum 2012; 1:1-7.
Ozen S, Petty RE. Behcet Disease. In: Cassidy JT, Petty RE, Laxer RM, Lindsley CB (eds). Textbook of pediatric rheumatology, 5th edn. Elsevier, Philadelphia, pp 561-567, 2005
The inside story: a guide to indoor air quality. In: U.S. EPA/Office of Air and Radiation Available via http://www.epa.gov/iaq/pubs/insidestory.html (Accessed 18 December 2011).
If the author is unknown
McGwire owns the mark alone. ESPN.com. 8 Nov. 2008. http://ESPN.SportsZone.com/mlb/news/1998/980908/00833812.html (8 Nov.2008).
Oter S. Assessment of lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes to determine oxidant stress in rat lung induced by hyperbaric oxygen treatment at different doses and intervals. Dissertation, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey, 1998.
Article by DOI (digital object identifier)
Polat A, Demirkaya E, Basbozkurt G, Gattorno M, Ozen S. A glance at history and future perspectives of childhood autoinflammatory disorders. Ann Paediatr Rheum 2012; doi: 10.5455/apr.022120120023
4.4. Abbreviations, nomenclatures and symbols
Abbreviations should be defined at the first mention in the text and in each table and figure. Write out the full term for each abbreviation at its first use unless it is a standard unit of measure. For a list of standard abbreviations, please consult the CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers or other standard sources.
Abbreviations should be strictly limited to those in common usage. Generic names should be indicated for all drugs; use of the proprietary name is permissible only when the generic name has been used first. In so for as possible, authors should use systematic names similar to those used by Chemical Abstract Service or IUPAC.
Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations:http://www.issn.org/services/online-services/access-to-the-ltwa/.
Measurement units: Laboratory values should be described in metric mass units. The international system of units (SI units) can be provided in parentheses immediately after metric units.
Footnotes: Footnotes to the text are numbered consecutively; those to tables should be indicated by superscript lowercase letters (or asterisks for significance values and other stylistic data).
4.5. Names of drugs, devices, and other products
Use nonproprietary names of drugs, devices, and other products, unless the specific trade name of a drug is essential to the discussion.
The generic (nonproprietary) name of a drug is preferred in almost all instances. If it is necessary to include the brand (proprietary or trade) name for reproduction or interpretation of the study, the brand name should be given parenthetically, following the generic name, at first mention in the abstract, text, and each figure or table in which it appears. In addition, the brand name and supplier’s name and location should be given in the Methods section. In the case in which a manuscript is comparing various brands of a single product, or in which an adverse event is described that might be unique to a single brand of product, both the brand name and generic name should appear at first mention and the brand name(s) should be used thereafter.
Authors submitting manuscripts or letters to the editor regarding adverse drug or medical device reactions, reportable diseases, and the like should also report such to the relevant government agency.
International Journal of Surgery and Medicineis hosted on eJManager, a web based online submission and peer review system.
Visit https://www.ejmanager.com/my/ijsm/ to login and submit your article online.
IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.
5.1 Information required for completing your submission
You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).
Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any
6.1 IJSM Production
Your IJSM Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.
6.2 Online First publication
Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication.
The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'Articles in press' because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. Example of a correctly given DOI (in URL format; here an article in the journal Physics Letters B):
When you use a DOI to create links to documents on the web, the DOIs are guaranteed never to change.
As a service to the community, this journal makes available online the accepted manuscripts as soon as possible after acceptance. At this stage, the author's accepted manuscript (in both full-text and PDF) is given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) and is fully citable, and searchable by title, author(s) name and the full-text. The article also carries a disclaimer noting that it is an unedited manuscript which has not yet been copyedited, typeset or proofread. When the fully copyedited version is ready for publication, it simply replaces the author accepted manuscript version.
6.3 Access to your published article
IJSM provides authors with online access to their final article.
6.4 Promoting your article
Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible.
Open Access Publication: Manuscripts submitted to IJSM are assumed to be submitted under the Open Access publishing model. International Journal of Surgery and Medicine (IJSM) doesn't charge article submission from the authors. IJSM charges a publication fee of 100 euros for accepted article. There are no colour figure charges.
How to pay publication charges:
Print-on-demand service for authors
Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse
An open access publication fee is payable by authors or on their behalf e.g. by their research funder or institution
Regardless of how you choose to publish your article, the journal will apply the same peer review criteria and acceptance standards.
For open access articles, permitted third party (re)use is defined by the following Creative Commons user license:
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)
For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s).
Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations.
Bulgarian Association of Young Surgeons (BAYS) uses Creative Commons license in the International Journal of Surgery and Medicine (IJSM).
See the Creative Commons website for more details about what to consider before choosing a user license.
Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the International Journal of Surgery and Medicine editorial office as follows: