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28 December 2016
Natalya Mazurina1, Ekaterina Troshina1, Natalya Ogneva1, Yury Yashkov2, Alexander Iliyn1, Galina Melnichenko1, Ivan Dedov1 1) Endocrinology Research Center, Moscow, Russian Federation. 2) The

AMBULATORY UTILIZATION OF ANTI-PARKINSONIAN DRUGS IN ALBANIA DURING 2004-2014

Laerta Kakariqi1, Sonila Vito2

1) Department of Biomedical and Experimental Subjects, Pharmacology Section, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine, Tirana, Albania.

2) Pharmacy Departament, Albanian University, Albania.

Disclosure: The author has declared no conflicts of interest.

Received: 07.07.16 Accepted: 11.09.16

Citation: 10.5455/ijsm.anti-parkinsonian-drugs-albania

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Abstract:

Aim
To analyse utilization of Anti-Parkinsonian drugs in Albania using the Anatomic Therapeutic Chemical Classification-Defined Daily Dose (ATC/DDD methodology), in comparison to the Parkinson’s morbidity for the period 2004-2014.
Methods
The data were assembled from Health Insurance Institute (HII) and analysed for the period 2004-2014. The consumption of drugs was expressed as a number of Defined Daily Dose (DDDs) /1000 inhabitants/day.
In addition, for all the period under study 2004-2014, there also analysed the data of import and domestic production of drugs, which represent the real consumption of drugs in the country. These data were subsequently involved in a comparative analysis with the utilization data according to the HII.
Results
The values of consumption of Anti-Parkinsonian drugs were .1.45-1.53 DDD/1000 inhabitants/day respectively in 2004-2014. The combination of levodopa with benserazide has the highest value of prescription 0.47-0.75 DDD/1000 inhabitants/day 2004-2014. On the other hand the consumption of levodopa+carbidopa is 0.04-0.29 DDD/1000 inhabitants/day 2004-2014. This notable difference probably reflects the pressure and the marketing incentives used by the pharmaceutical companies.
Furthermore, it turns out that the consumption of levodopa+benserazide based on HII data is superior to the consumption of this formulation based on Import data, which cannot be true. This finding probably reflects fictive prescriptions and the entry of drugs by contraband.
It results also that a consistent part of Parkinson patients does not benefit from the reimbursement scheme (out-of-pocket expenditure).
Conclusions
There is only a small increase in the national consumption of Anti-Parkinsonian drugs during these years, but the values still remain very low in comparison with other  countries. It results that the consumption of anti-parkinsonian drugs flows out of the scheme at the level of around 30%.

Keywords: Drug utilization, DDD, Anti-Parkinsonian drugs


How to Cite this Article

Bibliography

Kakariqi, L. and Vito, S. (2017) ‘AMBULATORY UTILIZATION OF ANTI-PARKINSONIAN DRUGS IN ALBANIA DURING 2004-2014’, International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, . doi: 10.5455/ijsm.anti-parkinsonian-drugs-albania.

Citations, Quotes & Annotations

Kakariqi, L. and Vito, S. (2017) ‘AMBULATORY UTILIZATION OF ANTI-PARKINSONIAN DRUGS IN ALBANIA DURING 2004-2014’, International Journal of Surgery and Medicine, . doi: 10.5455/ijsm.anti-parkinsonian-drugs-albania.
(Kakariqi and Vito, 2017)
Last modified onSaturday, 04 February 2017 19:09

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